Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis

This course provides an overview of Longitudinal Data Analysis. As well as the statistical theory, an overview of the many applications and capabilities of LDA is given.

 

This is designed as an introductory course for applied researchers and as such, is suitable for participants who want to develop a fundamental knowledge of LDA techniques.

 
Level 3 - runs over 5 days
Instructor: 

Dr Mark Griffin is the Director of Insight Research Services Associated (www.insightrsa.com), where Insight consists of Insight Business Analytics, and Insight Training and Events. Insight Business Analytics providing training and consulting across the areas of business, statistics and IT. Insight Business Analytics is a Business Partner of Microsoft and a member of the IBM's Partner World and Google's Partner Program. Insight Training and Events teaches 30 qualifications from Certificate I to Graduate Diploma level across the areas of business, information technology, health and social services, and civil and environmental engineering.

 
Mark is also an Industry Fellow with the School of Business, University of Queensland, and has established and written training materials for several of their courses in Business Analytics. Mark serves on the Executive Committee for the Statistical Society of Australia, was the Co-Chair of their National Conference in 2021, and is the Founding Chair of their Section for Business Analytics. Mark is also the Founding Chair of the Business Analytics Special Interest Group within the International Institute of Business Analysis. To date he has presented over 100 two-day and 40 five-day workshops in statistics around Australia

About this course: 

Longitudinal Data Analysis is a very popular statistical method in a range of fields including medicine, natural resource management, business and economics.

 

As well as allowing a researcher to elicit the changes in a subject (person, business, etc) over time, longitudinal data is also exceedingly powerful as it allows the within-subject and between-subject variance to be estimated independently (generally allowing the parameters in the statistical model to be estimated with a much tighter accuracy than traditional models).

 

This course provides an overview of Longitudinal Data Analysis. As well as the statistical theory, an overview of the many applications and capabilities of LDA is given. The course is not particularly mathematical, but instead places emphasis on the fundamental concepts of LDA and how it is used by applied researchers.

 

The workshop will focus on linear mixed effects models, however we will also go through generalized linear mixed effects models and any new material a participant will need to understand in order to successfully use generalized LME’s. There will be exercises using both types of models.

 

The computer exercises for this workshop will be conducted in Stata. Stata has been chosen as it provides both basic and advanced functionality for conducting longitudinal data analyses. A full set of exercises and solutions in Stata will be provided in this workshop, where they include the Stata syntax required to perform each individual exercise. In addition the workshop presenter will demonstrate how to use Stata for the first exercise in each session prior to workshop participants individually working though the exercises for that session.

 

General aims of the course are for students to develop a readiness for using LDA software and to develop the requisite knowledge for applying LDA methods and models in an intelligent way. Note that participants may be invited to briefly present their own research on the last day of class. This exercise, along with the formal lecture material, might help participants to chart a direction forward in their study and application of LDA.

 

This course has also been developed in consultation with staff from the National Centre for Longitudinal Data, Dept of Social Services. As such students will have access to a number of datasets through this workshop including:

  • The Housing, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey
  • The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC)
  • The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC)
  • Building a New Life in Australia (BNLA) – a longitudinal study of humanitarian migrants

These studies have followed around 10,000 participants for approximately 10 years (further details, including precise study characteristics, can be found at https://www.dss.gov.au/about-the-department/national-centre-for-longitud...).

 

In addition, this workshop will also use the following data from the Department of Education and Training:

  • The Longitudinal Study of Australian Youth (LSAY)

 

Participants will be asked to register with the Australian Data Archive (ADA) before the start of the course in order to access data from the above datasets. Please allow enough time to do this, as your application will have to be approved by the ADA. You will be sent instructions on how to do this before the start of the course. You won't need to download any data, that will be provided for you.

 

 

Course syllabus: 

Day 1

  • Revision of linear, logistic and Poisson regression

 

Day 2 and Day 3

  • Mixed effects models
  • Fixed and random effects
  • Random intercept and random slope
  • Goodness of fit measures (including Likelihood and AIC)
  • Model choice
  • Having more than one clustering level
  • Generalized Estimating Equations

 

Day 4

  • Survival or time-to-event analysis
  • Kaplan-Meier curves
  • Survival and hazard functions
  • Missing Data
  • Multiple Imputation
  • Heckmann Selection models

 

Day 5

  • Regression Diagnostics
  • Linear
  • Normality
  • Constant Variance
  • Outliers
  • Collinearity

 

Course format: 

This course may run in a computer lab, or you may be advised to bring your own laptop with specified software.

We will let you know in advance.

 

As part of this course you will be using data from the Australian Data Archive (ADA). These datasets are restricted, so you will need to apply to the ADA for access as a prerequisite for the course. In the weeks leading up to the course, ACSPRI will contact you with detailed instructions on how to do this.

 

Approximately half of the time during this course will be spent in PowerPoint presentations, and half of the time in computer demonstrations and self-paced computer exercises (conducted in Stata).

 

Recommended Background: 

It would be beneficial if students have had some previous exposure to regression, though the topic of regression will be taught at the start of the workshop, assuming that students are seeing regression for the first time.

 

Participants do not need to be familiar with Stata. The workshop presenter will demonstrate how to use Stata for the first exercise in each session, prior to workshop participants individually working though the exercises for that session.

 

If you don't have a copy of Stata, a trial version can be sourced for you to use during the course.

 

Recommended Texts: 

The instructor's bound, book length course notes will serve as the course texts.

 

Other references include:

  • Singer J.D., Willett J.B. (2003). Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence
  • Hedeker D., Gibbons R.D. (2006). Longitudinal Data Analysis
  • Diggle P., Heagerty P. (2013). Analysis of Longitudinal Data
FAQ: 

Q: Do I need to know Stata to do this course?

A: No. The workshop presenter will demonstrate how to use Stata for the first exercise in each session, prior to workshop participants individually working though the exercises for that session. If you don't have a copy of Stata, a trial version can be sourced for you to use during the course.

 

 

Q: Do I have to apply to the Australian Data Archive to use their datasets?

A: Yes. Participants will be asked to register with the Australian Data Archive (ADA) before the start of the course in order to access the datasets used in the course. Please allow enough time to do this, as your application will have to be approved by the ADA. You will be sent instructions on how to do this before the start of the course. You won't need to download any data, that will be provided for you.

 

Participant feedback: 

I learned so much from this course. I would definitely recommend it to my colleagues.

 

It was a perfect combination of lecture and hands-on STATA exercise.

 

I learnt so much more than I thought I would. A colleague recommended this course to me and I'm very glad I did it.

 

The detailed course notes are very helpful and I will be referring back to these a lot in future.

 

Everything worked very well. I liked a lot the structure of alternative exercises and theory.

 

Excellent mix of lectures, examples, discussion/questions for hands on practice.

 

I have learned a substantial amount in a week! Very logical & systematic presentation particularly given the complexity of material really practical.

 

The course deals specifically with the data and methods, using my PHD and I envision using the course content frequently & extensively in the future.

 

I can definitely see myself making use of the modelling techniques now that I have better understanding of the intentions behind them.

 

Program where course next likely to be offered: 
Summer Program 2023
Notes: 

The instructor's bound, book length course notes will serve as the course texts.

Supported by: 

Stata is distributed in Australia and New Zealand by Survey Design and Analysis Services.